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Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty

Dr. Heping Liu

Heping Liu



PACCAR 450, 2001 Grimes Way, Pullman, WA 99164-5845


(509) 335-1529


(509) 335-7632

Liu Group Website


  • Ph.D., 1997 – Peking University, China

Professional Experience

  • Professor, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 2019-
  • Associate Professor, Civil & Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 2010-2019
  • Associate Professor, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS, 2009-2010
  • Assistant Professor, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS, 2004-2009
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 2001-2003
  • Research Fellow/Temporary Lecturer, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 1999-2001
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Bayreuth, Germany, 1997-1999


  • NSF CAREER Award, 2009
  • JSU CSET Outstanding Achievement Award in Research, 2008

Research Interests

  • Micrometeorology; Microclimatology; Boundary-Layer Meteorology
  • Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions and Ecosystem-Climate Feedbacks

Professional Services

  • Chair of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Committee, American Meteorological Society (2017-now)
  • Associate Editor: Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres (2020-now)
  • Editor: Advances in Atmospheric Sciences (2009-now)


  • Applied Meteorology (CE402/502)
  • Land-Surface Fluxes (CE506)
  • Statics (CE211)

Recent Publications

  • Lan, C., H. Liu, G.G. Katul, D. Li, D. Finn (2019), Large Eddies Regulate Turbulent Flux Gradients in Coupled Stable Boundary Layers. Geophysical Research Letters, doi/10.1029/2019GL082228.
  • Gao, Z., H. Liu, J.E.C. Missik, M. Huang, X. Chen, E. Arntzen, D.P. Mcfarland (2019), Mechanistic links between underestimated CO2 fluxes and non-closure of the surface energy balance in a semi-arid sagebrush ecosystem, Environmental Research Letters,
  • Missik, J. E. C., H. Liu, H., Z. Gao, M. Huang, X. Chen, E. Arntzen, D.P. Mcfarland, H. Ren, P.S. Titzler, J.N. Thomle, A. Goldman (2018), Groundwater‐river water exchange enhances growing season evapotranspiration and carbon uptake in a semi‐arid riparian ecosystem, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences,
  • Liu, Z., S. Cao, H. Liu, T. Ishihara (2018), Large-eddy simulations of the flow over an isolated three-dimensional hill, Boundary-Layer Meteorology,
  • Finn, D., R.G. Eckman, Z. Gao, H. Liu (2018), Mechanisms for wind direction changes in the very stable boundary layer. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology,
  • Lan, C., H. Liu, H., D. Li, G.G. Katul, D. Finn (2018), Distinct Turbulence Structures in Stably Stratified Boundary Layers with Weak and Strong Surface Shear. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123.
  • Li, D., G.G. Katul, and H. Liu (2018), Intrinsic constraints on asymmetric turbulent transport of scalars within the constant‐flux layer of the lower atmosphere. Geophysical Research Letters. doi: 10.1002/2018gl077021
  • Liu, Z., H. Liu, S. Cao (2018) Numerical study of the structure and dynamics of a tornado at the sub-critical vortex breakdown stage. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 177, 306–326.
  • Finn, D., R. G. Carter, R. M. Eckman, J. D. Rich, Z. Gao, H. Liu (2018) Plume dispersion in low-wind-speed conditions during Project Sagebrush Phase 2, with emphasis on concentration variability, Boundary-Layer Meteorology,
  • Zhou, Y., D. Li, H. Liu, X. Li (2018) Diurnal variations of the flux imbalance over homogeneous and heterogeneous landscapes, Boundary-Layer Meteorology,
  • Gao, Z., H. Liu, D. Li, G.G. Katul, & P.D. Blanken (2018), Enhanced temperature‐humidity similarity caused by entrainment processes with increased wind shear. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123.
  • Liu, H., and G. G. Katul (2018), Biometeorology – From agricultural origins to a last frontier in physics, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology,
  • Russell, E. S., H. Liu, H. Thistle, B. Strom, M. Greer, & B. Lamb, (2018), Effects of thinning a forest stand on sub-canopy turbulence. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 248, 295-305.
  • Russell E. S., H. Liu, and B. Lamb (2017), Wavelet spectra within a forest sub-canopy under different wind directions and stabilities, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 122, doi:10.1002/2017JD026817.
  • Ma, Y. and H. Liu (2017) Large-eddy simulations of atmospheric flows over complex terrain using the immersed-boundary method in the Weather Research and Forecasting model, Boundary-Layer Meteorology,
  • Gao, Z., E. S., Russell, J. E. C., Missik, M., Huang, X., Chen, C. E., Strickland, R., Clayton, E., Arntzen, Y., Ma, and H. Liu (2017), A novel approach to evaluate soil heat flux calculation: An analytical review of nine methods, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 122, doi:10.1002/2017JD027160.
  • Kutter, E., C. Yi, G. Hendrey, H. Liu, T. Eaton, and W. Ni-Meister (2017), Recirculation over complex terrain, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JD026409.
  • Katul, G., and H. Liu (2017), A Kolmogorov-Brutsaert structure function model for evaporation into a turbulent Atmosphere, Water Resources Research, DOI:10.1002/2016WR020006.
  • Li, D., A. Rigden, G. Salvucci, and H. Liu (2017), Reconciling the Reynolds number dependence of scalar roughness length and laminar resistance, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL072864.
  • Gao Z., H. Liu, G. G. Katul and T. Foken (2017), Non-closure of the surface energy balance explained by phase difference between vertical velocity and scalars of large atmospheric eddies, Environmental Research Letters, 12(3), 034025, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa625b.
  • Foken T., A. Serafimovich, F. Eder, J. Hübner, Z. Gao and H. Liu (2017), Interaction forest–clearing. In: Foken T (ed.), Energy and Matter Fluxes of a Spruce Forest Ecosystem, Ecological Studies Vol. 229. Springer, Cham, 309-329. (Book chapter)
  • Katul, G., and H. Liu (2017), Multiple mechanisms generate a universal scaling with dissipation for the air-water gas transfer velocity, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2016GL072256.
  • VanReken, T.M., R.S. Dhammapala, B.T. Jobson, C.L. Herring, G.S. VanderSchelden, S.D. Kaspari, Z. Gao, Q. Zhu, B.K. Lamb, H. Liu, and J. Johnston (2017), Role of persistent low-level clouds in mitigating air quality impacts of wintertime cold pool conditions. Atmospheric Environment, 154, 236–246.